Myrtle is a large bush or small tree with many tough but slender branches, a brownish red bark and small pointed leaves. It has flowers followed by small black berries. Both the leaves and the flowers are very fragrant.
The oil that is extracted is a pale yellow, orange liquid with a clear, fresh, camphoraceous, sweet, herbaceous scent similar to eucalyptus. The oil comes from the leaves and twigs. By steam distillation.
A typical chemical composition of myrtle is: a-pinen (8.18%), B-pinene (0.19%), limonene (7.58%), 1,8-cineole (29.89%), a-terpinen-4-ol (0.22%), myrtenol (0.58%), geraniol (0.3%), linalyl acetate (0.53%), myrtenyl acetate (35.9%), carvacrol (0.6%)
Its properties are anticatarrhal, antiseptic, astringent, balsamic, bactericidal, expectorant.
It is particularly uplifting and refreshing and also soothe feelings of anger, greed, envy or fear.
It is used in chronic conditions of the lungs where there is excessive bronchial catarrh.
It is said to treat haemorrhoids particularly when mixed with witch hazel and cypress oil.
It is used to clean the skin where infected or when acne is present.
It is non toxic, non irritant and non sensitizing
Methods of use: Bath, massage, vaporisation and as a disinfectant
Cautions: Do not use in pregnancy – Do not use on sensitive skin.